Events of 1928
Top Movies of 1928
Best Sellers of 1928
Hit songs in 1928
World Leaders in 1928
Famous Births in 1928
Events of 1928
for most of the world. In 1928, the American stock market grew due to extreme
speculation, with many borrowing money to buy more stock. Germany, under the
Weimar Republic was recovering from the hyperinflation of the early 1920s by
issuing new currency.
Some of the most important events of 1928 were the discovery of penicillin, the
first effective antibiotic which saved millions of lives, the Winter Olympics in St.
Moritz, Switzerland and the Summer Olympics in Amsterdam, the assassinations
of the Chinese warlord Zhang Zuolin and president of Mexico Álvaro Obregón ,
the sale of the first television and the election of Herbert Hoover.
1928 New York
The movie Chaneling
takes place in 1928 Los Angeles about the Wineville murders
and police corruption
Berlin in 1928-9
China in 1928
The 1920s has been known by many name The Roaring Twenties reflecting the
postwar boom and overheated stock market. The 1920s were also known as The
Jazz Age as society was transformed after the World War I and focused more on
youth with dancing such as the Charleston, Flappers ( young women who wore
short skirts, bobbed their hair, listened to what was then considered
unconventional music jazz music and flaunted their disdain for what was then
considered "decent" behavior). The term 'flapper' gained popularity with the 1920
The Flapper. The term was used before as a slang term for an impetuous
teenage girl. The flappers were seen as brash for wearing excessive makeup,
drinking hard liquor, treating sex in a more casual manner, smoking cigarettes,
driving automobiles, and otherwise flouting conventional social and sexual
norms ) and technology such as cars and the telephone . Since the closing of the
20th Century, the 1920s has drawn close associations with the 1950s and 1990s,
especially in the United States. The three decades are regarded as periods of
economic prosperity .
In 1928 the Prohibition ( 1920-33) was in effect in Finland and the United States.
Gangsters made millions of through illegal alcohol sales The Prohibition was
repelled in Australia in 1928.
The first television is sold -- a Daven for $75.
early tv image
The Origins of Television
Radio Magazine 1928
For 1920s geeks, radio was the thing
Stalin's five Year plans
The first of Joseph Stalin's Five Year Plans imposes collectivization on
agriculture in the Soviet Union. The First Five-Year Plan emphasized heavy
industries to lay the foundations for future industrial growth. Despite the targets
being unbelievably high, remarkable results were achieved. For instance, coal
and iron production both doubled their output, electric power production almost
tripled and 1500 new industrial plants were built.
German war minister Otto Gessler resigns under pressure in January over a
financial scandal involving the German Army, which he has allowed to increase
in size despite the limits imposed by the Treaty of Versailles in 1919.
Richard E. Byrd
1928 Richard E. Byrd starts an expedition to Antarctic; returns in 1930.
Trotsky's Speech about the Moscow Trials
January 17 - OGPU arrests Leon Trotsky in Moscow; he assumes a status
of passive resistance and is exiled to Turkestan.
I Saw the Figure 5 in Gold by Charles Demuth 1928
February 11 - II Olympic Winter Games open in St. Moritz, Switzerland
In America and Finland the Prohibition alcohol is still the law . Much of the
impetus for the prohibition movement in the Nordic countries and North America
came from Protestant wariness of alcohol, in Australia prohibition laws are
repealed in 1928.
1928 ladies fashions
February 25 - Charles Jenkins Laboratories of Washington, DC becomes the
first holder of a television license from the Federal Radio Commission.
March 21 - Charles Lindbergh is presented the Medal of Honor for his
first trans-Atlantic flight in 1927.
The Pineapple Primary
The Pineapple Primary was the name given to a Republican primary election held
in Chicago on April 10, 1928; more than 60 bombs were thrown during the
campaign and at least two politicians were killed. The name derives from the
Deneen's anti-Capone crusade as a means for Esposito to seize Capone's
On March 21, Giuseppe "Diamond Joe" Esposito, the 19th Ward committeeman,
was shot and killed in front of his wife and daughter. The day after Esposito's
funeral, Senator Charles S. Deneen's home was bombed. On the day of the
primary, Octavius C. Grandy, a candidate for committeeman in the 20th ward,
was chased in his car and killed.
April 22 - Earthquake destroys Corinth - 200,000 buildings destroyed
May 10 - The first regular schedule of television programming begins in
Schenectady, New York by the General Electric's television station
1928 Nazi rally in Nuremberg
May : Adolf Hitler's National Socialist Party wins only 2.6 percent of the vote for
seats in the Reichstag and is considered a fringe party after the May elections
.Germany had lost economically important territory in Europe along with its
colonies and in admitting to sole responsibility for the war had agreed to pay a
huge reparations bill totaling 132 billion marks. Most Germans bitterly resented
these terms, but early Nazi attempts to gain support by blaming these
humiliations on "international Jewry" were not particularly successful with the
electorate. The party learned quickly, and soon a more subtle propaganda
emerged, combining anti-Semitism with an attack on the failures of the "Weimar
system" and the parties supporting it.
Release of the animated short Plane Crazy, featuring the first
appearances of Mickey and Minnie Mouse.
May 25, Italia Airship crash in the arctic
Crash of the airship Italia
Airship Italia crashes on the North Pole; one of the occupants is Italian general
Umberto Nobile. The third flight the Italia exploring the North Pole started on May
23, 1928, and reached the North Pole at 12:24 am on May 24, 1928 with the
assistance of strong tailwinds. Nobile had prepared a winch, inflatable raft, and
survival packs (very providentially as it turns out) with the intention of lowering
some of the scientists onto the ice, but the worsening weather made this
impossible. Instead the Italian and Milanese colours, and a wooden cross
presented by the Pope were dropped onto the ice.
At 2.20 am on May 24, the Italia started back to base. The weather was
horrendous and the airship struggled to gain ground and break through to the
was just ahead. At 9.25am on May 25 the first critical incident occurred when the
elevator control jammed in the downward position. All engines were stopped and
importantly, the airship was allowed to rise to 3000 feet and above the cloud
layer into bright sunlight for 30 minutes. After the engines were re-started the ship
descended to 1000 feet with no apparent ill effect, but at 10.25 am the ship was
noticed to be tail-heavy and falling at a rate of 2 feet per second (0.6 m/s).
Despite applying maximum elevators and jettisoning weight, a crash was
unavoidable and shortly afterwards the airship's control cabin hit the jagged ice
and smashed open.
Nine survivors and one fatality were left on the ice, and six more crew trapped in
the still drifting airship envelope. Chief Engineer Ettore Arduino, with remarkable
presence of mind, started throwing anything he could lay his hands on down to the
men on the ice as he drifted slowly away with the envelope. These supplies, and
the packs intended for the descent to the ice were to help keep the survivors alive
for their long ordeal on the ice. The envelope and the crew members aboard it
have never been found.
An international rescue effort followed, but was bedeviled by apathy and political
interference on the part of the Italians. The bravery on the part of Norwegian,
Russian, Swedish, and Finnish pilots searching for the lost men – as well as that
of the survivors themselves – contrasted sharply with the woeful response of the
Italian Fascist government. The lack of co-ordination meant that it took more than
49 days before all the crash survivors (and stranded would-be rescuers) were
retrieved. Roald Amundsen was lost, presumed dead, flying to Spitsbergen in a
French Latham sea plane to take part in the operation. On July 12 ,The Russian
icebreaker Krasin rescues remaining Italia survivors, as well as survivors
Mariano and Zappi. Russian pilot Chuckhnovsky also rescued.
Union of South Africa adopts new flag
A version of this flag was used as the flag of the Dutch East India Company at
the Cape . The South African addition to the design was three smaller flags
centred in the white stripe. The smaller flags were the Union Flag towards the
hoist, the Orange Free State Vierkleur hanging vertically and the Transvaal
June 4 - Zhang Zuolin , President of the Republic of China and warlord, is killed
by Japanese agents during the Huanggutun Incident in Shenyang. Also known as
the "Mukden Tiger", he was one of the major warlords of China in the early 20th
century. As Zhang Zuolin passed underneath the Japanese operated South
Manchuria Railroad while riding a train , an officer of the Japanese Guandong
Army, Colonel Komoto Daisaku, had planted a bomb, which exploded when
Zhang's train passed under the viaduct, killing him .In 1928 he proclaimed
himself Grand Marshal of the Republic of China. The reason for the murder was
a mystery till the War Crimes Tribunal in Tokyo after WWII. It was revealed by
admiral Okada Keisuke that the Japanese were infuriated by Zhang's failure to
stop the rise of Chiang Kai-shek.
June : The Chinese Republican Army under Chiang Kai-shek seizes Beijing and
rename it Beiping. Nationalist Chinese forces arrest communist agitator and
speaker for the women's liberation movement Xiang Jingyu (Hsiang Kianyu) and
execute her in May, gagging her to prevent her from making a final speech. She
June 17 Aviator Amelia Earhart starts her attempt to become the first
woman to successfully pilot an aircraft across the Atlantic Ocean
July 17 - José de León Toral assassinates Álvaro Obregón, president of Mexico.
Toral was a Roman Catholic opposed to the Government's policies on religious
800,000 Mourners - at funeral of General Obregon,
Mexico's assassinated President."
US Navy in China
July 25 - U.S.A. recalls its troops from China
August 25 - Ahmet Zogu proclaims himself King Zog I of Albania; he
is crowned September 1
August 27 - The Kellogg-Briand Pact was signed in Paris - it was the
first treaty which outlawed aggressive war.
A series of kidnappings and murders of young boys occurring in Los Angeles
and Riverside County, California in 1928 by Gordon Stewart Northcott. The 2008
film Changeling is based upon these murders. It was believed Northcott may
have had as many as 20 victims. Wineville changed its name to “Mira Loma” on
November 1, 1930, due in large part to the negative publicity surrounding the
murders. Northcott was hanged on October 2, 1930
September 3 - Alexander Fleming discovers Penicillin.
Palm Beach , Florida 1928
This episode of Heritage looks back on the Hurricane of 1928, the one which
no other hurricane has compared too. With a death toll of 1,836 in Florida alone
and 1,575 in the Caribbean the storm would never be forgotten. During Florida's
economical and population boom the state was blind sided by this blow. Much
like its predesser the Great Miami Hurricane Florida's southern edges of Lake
Okeechobee were hit with ever lasting damage. To better understand the severity
this episode features footage and interviews of survivors and witness's to the
now called Great Okeechobee flood.
September 16 - The 1928 Okeechobee Hurricane kills at least 2,500 people in
Florida. 69 white victims were placed in a mass grave in Woodlawn cemetery
and approximately 674 black victims were buried in this mass grave in the
City's pauper's burial field .
October 7 - Haile Selassie crowned king (not yet emperor) of Abyssinia
Swedes start a tradition of eating Gustavus Adolphus pastries
to commemorate the old warrior king.
October 15, 1928 Graf Zeppelin LZ-127 Arrives In U.S
1928 with economy booming, U.S. voters elect another Republican president,
Herbert Hoover (Nov. 6) in a landslide victory over Alfred E. Smith, governor of
New York in the 1928 presidential election .Hoover deeply believed in the
Efficiency Movement arguing that there were technical solutions to all social and
economic problems. That position was challenged by the Great Depression,
which began in 1929, the first year of his presidency .
November 10 - Hirohito was enthroned as Emperor of Japan.
November 22 - Maurice Ravel's Bolero is premiered in Paris
Alberto Santos-Dumont flying the 14 Bis
December 3 - In Rio de Janeiro, a seaplane sent to greet aviation pioneer
Alberto Santos-Dumont crashed near Cap Arcona, killing all on board.
Turkey switches from the Arabic to the Latin-based
modern Turkish alphabet.
Eliot Ness begins to lead the prohibition unit in Chicago.
Sigrid Undset was a Norwegian novelist who was awarded the Nobel Prize in
Literature in 1928.Her best-known work is Kristin Lavransdatter, a modernist
trilogy about life in Scandinavia in the Middle Ages
Sir Owen Willans Richardson (April 26, 1879 - February 15, 1959) was a
British physicist, a professor at Princeton University from 1906 to 1913, and a
recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1928 "for his work on the thermionic
phenomenon and especially for the discovery of the law named after him
1928 Olympics Amsterdam
We are here to represent the greatest country on earth. We did not come here
to lose gracefully. We came here to win?and win decisively.? So ordered
American Olympic Committee president Gen. Douglas MacArthur before the
start of the 1928 Games marked Germany's return to the Olympic fold after
serving a 10-year probation after World War I. It was also the first Olympics that
women were allowed to participate in track and field. For the first time, the
Olympic Flame was lit during the Olympics. Johnny Weissmuller, who later
appeared in several Tarzan movies, won two gold medals in swimming.
1928 World Series
Babe Ruth and Lou Gehrig set records in the 1928 World Series as the duo
lead the Yankees to a sweep over the Cardinals
In the 1928 World Series, the New York Yankees swept the St. Louis Cardinals
in four games. Babe Ruth hit .625 (10 for 16) as the Yankees defeated their
opponents by a combined score of 27 to 10.