Events of 1928
In 1928 was the last boom year of the Roaring Twenties before the crash of 1929 for most of the world. In 1928, the American stock market grew due to extreme speculation, with many borrowing money to buy more stock.Germany, under the Weimar Republic was recovering from the hyperinflation of the early 1920s by issuing new currency.
Some of the most important events of 1928 were the discovery of penicillin, the first effective antibiotic which saved millions of lives, the Winter Olympics in St. Moritz, Switzerland and the Summer Olympics in Amsterdam, the assassinations of the Chinese warlord Zhang Zuolin and president of Mexico Álvaro Obregón , the sale of the first television and the election of Herbert Hoover.
1928 New York
The movie Chaneling
takes place in 1928 Los Angeles about the Wineville murders and police corruption
Berlin in 1928-9
The 1920s has been known by many name The Roaring Twenties reflecting the postwar boom and overheated stock market. The 1920s were also known as The Jazz Age as society was transformed after the World War I and focused more on youth with dancing such as the Charlston, Flappers ( young women who wore short skirts, bobbed their hair, listened to what was then considered unconventional music jazz music and flaunted their disdain for what was then considered "decent" behavior). The term 'flapper' gained popularity with the 1920 The Flapper. The term was used before as a slang term for an impetuous teenage girl. The flappers were seen as brash for wearing excessive makeup, drinking hard liquor, treating sex in a more casual manner, smoking cigarettes, driving automobiles, and otherwise flouting conventional social and sexual norms ) and technology such as cars and the telephone . Since the closing of the 20th Century, the 1920s has drawn close associations with the 1950s and 1990s, especially in the United States. The three decades are regarded as periods of economic prosperity .
In 1928 the Prohibition ( 1920-33) was in effect in Finland and the United States. Gangsters made millions
of through illegal alcohol sales The Prohibition was repelled in Australia in 1928.
The first television is sold -- a Daven for $75.
early tv image
The Origins of Television
Radio Magazine 1928 1920s For 1920s geeks, radio was the thing
Stalin's five Year plans
The first of Joseph Stalin's Five Year Plans imposes collectivization on agriculture in the Soviet Union. The First Five-Year Plan emphasized heavy industries to lay the foundations for future industrial growth. Despite the targets being unbelievably high, remarkable results were achieved. For instance, coal and iron production both doubled their output, electric power production almost tripled and 1500 new industrial plants were built.
German war minister Otto Gessler resigns under pressure in January over a financial scandal involving the German Army, which he has allowed to increase in size despite the limits imposed by the Treaty of Versailles in 1919.
Richard E. Byrd
1928 Richard E. Byrd starts an expedition to Antarctic; returns in 1930.
Trotsky's Speech about the Moscow Trials
January 17 - OGPU arrests Lev Trotsky in Moscow; he assumes a status of passive resistance and is exiled to Turkestan.
I Saw the Figure 5 in Gold by Charles Demuth 1928
February 11 - II Olympic Winter Games open in St. Moritz, Switzerland
In America and Finland the Prohibition alcohol is still the law . Much of the impetus for the prohibition movement in the Nordic countries and North America came from Protestant wariness of alcohol, in Australia prohibition laws are repealed in 1928.
1928 ladies fashions
February 25 - Charles Jenkins Laboratories of Washington, DC becomes the first holder of a television license from the Federal Radio Commission.
March 21 - Charles Lindbergh is presented the Medal of Honor for his first trans-Atlantic flight.
The Pineapple Primary
The Pineapple Primary was the name given to a Republican primary election held in Chicago on April 10, 1928; more than 60 bombs were thrown during the campaign and at least two politicians were killed. The name derives from the slang use of "pineapple" to refer to a hand grenade.Republican Mayor Big Bill Thompson ruled 1920s aided by Governor the Chicago mob, including Al Capone. In 1928 Thompson was challenged by the Republican reformer Charles S. Deneen, who was backed by Mafia boss Diamond Joe Esposito who saw Deneen's anti-Capone crusade as a means for Esposito to seize Capone's mantle as Boss of Chicago.
On March 21, Giuseppe "Diamond Joe" Esposito, the 19th Ward committeeman, was shot and killed in front of his wife and daughter. The day after Esposito's funeral, Senator Charles S. Deneen's home was bombed. On the day of the primary, Octavius C. Grandy, a candidate for committeeman in the 20th ward, was chased in his car and killed.
April 22 - Earthquake destroys Corinth - 200.000 buildings destroyed
May 10 - The first regular schedule of television programming begins in Schenectady, New York by the General Electric's television station
1928 Nazi rally in Nuremberg
May : Adolf Hitler's National Socialist Party wins only 2.6 percent of the vote for seats in the Reichstag and is considered a fringe party after the May elections .Germany had lost economically important territory in Europe along with its colonies and in admitting to sole responsibility for the war had agreed to pay a huge reparations bill totaling 132 billion marks. Most Germans bitterly resented these terms, but early Nazi attempts to gain support by blaming these humiliations on "international Jewry" were not particularly successful with the electorate. The party learned quickly, and soon a more subtle propaganda emerged, combining anti-Semitism with an attack on the failures of the "Weimar system" and the parties supporting it.
Release of the animated short Plane Crazy, featuring the first appearances of Mickey and Minnie Mouse.
May 25, Italia Airship crash in the artic
Crash of the airship Italia
Airship Italia crashes on the North Pole; one of the occupants is Italian general Umberto Nobile. The third flight the Italia exploring the North Pole started on May 23, 1928, and reached the North Pole at 12:24 am on May 24, 1928 with the assistance of strong tailwinds. Nobile had prepared a winch, inflatable raft, and survival packs (very providentially as it turns out) with the intention of lowering some of the scientists onto the ice, but the worsening weather made this impossible. Instead the Italian and Milanese colours, and a wooden cross presented by the Pope were dropped onto the ice.
At 2.20 am on May 24, the Italia started back to base. The weather was horrendous and the airship struggled to gain ground and break through to the zone of calmer winds which expedition meteorologist Finn Malmgren predicted was just ahead. At 9.25am on May 25 the first critical incident occurred when the elevator control jammed in the downward position. All engines were stopped and importantly, the airship was allowed to rise to 3000 feet and above the cloud layer into bright sunlight for 30 minutes. After the engines were re-started the ship descended to 1000 feet with no apparent ill effect, but at 10.25 am the ship was noticed to be tail-heavy and falling at a rate of 2 feet per second (0.6 m/s). Despite applying maximum elevators and jettisoning weight, a crash was unavoidable and shortly afterwards the airship's control cabin hit the jagged ice and smashed open.
Nine survivors and one fatality were left on the ice, and six more crew trapped in the still drifting airship envelope. Chief Engineer Ettore Arduino, with remarkable presence of mind, started throwing anything he could lay his hands on down to the men on the ice as he drifted slowly away with the envelope. These supplies, and the packs intended for the descent to the ice were to help keep the survivors alive for their long ordeal on the ice. The envelope and the crew members aboard it have never been found.
An international rescue effort followed, but was bedeviled by apathy and political interference on the part of the Italians. The bravery on the part of Norwegian, Russian, Swedish, and Finnish pilots searching for the lost men – as well as that of the survivors themselves – contrasted sharply with the woeful response of the Italian Fascist government. The lack of co-ordination meant that it took more than 49 days before all the crash survivors (and stranded would-be rescuers) were retrieved. Roald Amundsen was lost, presumed dead, flying to Spitsbergen in a French Latham sea plane to take part in the operation.On July 12 ,The Russian icebreaker Krasin rescues remaining Italia survivors, as well as survivors Mariano and Zappi. Russian pilot Chuckhnovsky also rescued.
Union of South Africa adopts new flag
A version of this flag was used as the flag of the Dutch East India Company at the Cape . The South African addition to the design was three smaller flags centred in the white stripe. The smaller flags were the Union Flag towards the hoist, the Orange Free State Vierkleur hanging vertically and the Transvaal Vierkleur
June 4 - Zhang Zuolin , President of the Republic of China and warlord, is killed by Japanese agents during the Huanggutun Incident in Shenyang. Also known as the "Mukden Tiger", he was was one of the major warlords of China in the early 20th century.As Zhang Zuolin passed underneath the Japanese operated South Manchuria Railroad while riding a train , an officer of the Japanese Guandong Army, Colonel Komoto Daisaku, had planted a bomb, which exploded when Zhang's train passed under the viaduct, killing him .In 1928 he proclaimed himself Grand Marshal of the Republic of China. The reason for the murder was a mystery till the War Crimes Tribunal in Tokyo after WWII. It was revealed by admiral Okada Keisuke that the Japanese were infuriated by Zhang's failure to stop the rise of Chiang Kai-shek.
June : The Chinese Republican Army under Chiang Kai-shek seizes Beijing and rename it Beiping.Nationalist Chinese forces arrest communist agitator and speaker for the women's liberation movement Xiang Jingyu (Hsiang Kianyu) and execute her in May, gagging her to prevent her from making a final speech. She was 33.
June 17 Aviator Amelia Earhart starts her attempt to become the first woman to successfully pilot an aircraft across the Atlantic Ocean
July 17 - José de León Toral assassinates Álvaro Obregón, president of Mexico. Toral was a Roman Catholic opposed to the Government's policies on religious matters.
US Navy in China
July 25 - U.S.A. recalls its troops from China
August 25 - Ahmet Zogu proclaims himself King Zog I of Albania; he is crowned September 1
August 27 - The Kellogg-Briand Pact was signed in Paris - it was the first treaty which outlawed aggressive war.
Wineville Chicken Coop Murders
A series of kidnappings and murders of young boys occurring in Los Angeles and Riverside County, California in 1928 by Gordon Stewart Northcott. The 2008 film Changeling is based upon these murders.It was believed Northcott may have had as many as 20 victims. Wineville changed its name to “Mira Loma” on November 1, 1930, due in large part to the negative publicity surrounding the murders. Northcott was hanged on October 2, 1930
September 3 - Alexander Fleming discovers Penicillin.
Palm Beach , Florida 1928
September 16 - The 1928 Okeechobee Hurricane kills at least 2,500 people in Florida. 69 white victims were placed in a mass grave in Woodlawn cemetery and approximately 674 black victims were buried in this mass grave in the City's pauper's burial field
October 7 - Haile Selassie crowned king (not yet emperor) of Abyssinia
Swedes start a tradition of eating Gustavus Adolphus pastries to commemorate the old warrior king.
1928 with economy booming, U.S. voters elect another Republican president, Herbert Hoover (Nov. 6) in a landslide victory over over Alfred E. Smith, governor of New York .Hoover deeply believed in the Efficiency Movement arguing that there were technical solutions to all social and economic problems. That position was challenged by the Great Depression, which began in 1929, the first year of his presidency .
November 10 - Hirohito was enthroned as Emperor of Japan.
November 22 - Maurice Ravel's Bolero is premiered in Paris
Alberto Santos-Dumont flying the 14 Bis
December 3 - In Rio de Janeiro, a seaplane sent to greet aviation pioneer Alberto Santos-Dumont crashed near Cap Arcona, killing all on board.
Turkey switches from the Arabic to the Latin-based modern Turkish alphabet.
Eliot Ness begins to lead the prohibition unit in Chicago.
Sigrid Undset was a Norwegian novelist who was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1928.Her best-known work is Kristin Lavransdatter, a modernist trilogy about life in Scandinavia in the Middle Ages
Sir Owen Willans Richardson (April 26, 1879 - February 15, 1959) was a British physicist, a professor at Princeton University from 1906 to 1913, and a recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1928 "for his work on the thermionic phenomenon and especially for the discovery of the law named after him
1928 Olympics Amsterdam
We are here to represent the greatest country on earth. We did not come here to lose gracefully. We came here to win?and win decisively.? So ordered American Olympic Committee president Gen. Douglas MacArthur before the start of the 1928 Games.Games marked Germany's return to the Olympic fold after serving a 10-year probation after World War I. It was also the first Olympics that women were allowed to participate in track and field. For the first time, the Olympic Flame was lit during the Olympics. Johnny Weissmuller, who later appeared in several Tarzan movies, won two gold medals in swimming.
1928 World Series
In the 1928 World Series, the New York Yankees swept the St. Louis Cardinals in four games.Babe Ruth hit .625 (10 for 16) as the Yankees defeated their opponents by a combined score of 27 to 10.