Events of 1928  

 Top Movies of 1928  

 Best Sellers of 1928

 Hit songs in 1928   

 Popular Radio Programs of 1928  

 World Leaders in 1928   

  1928 Cars    

Famous Births in 1928

1928 Quiz






Events of 1928


In 1928 was the last boom year of the Roaring Twenties before the crash of 1929

for most of the world. In 1928, the American stock market grew due to extreme

speculation, with many borrowing money to buy more stock. Germany, under the

Weimar Republic was recovering from the hyperinflation of the early 1920s by

issuing new currency.


Some of the most important events of 1928 were the discovery of penicillin, the

first effective antibiotic which saved millions of lives, the Winter Olympics in St.

Moritz, Switzerland and the Summer Olympics in Amsterdam, the assassinations

of the Chinese warlord Zhang Zuolin and president of Mexico Álvaro Obregón ,

the sale of the first television and the election of Herbert Hoover.




 1928 New York


The movie Chaneling

takes place in 1928 Los Angeles about the Wineville murders

and police corruption



 Berlin in 1928-9



 China in 1928

The 1920s has been known by many name The Roaring Twenties reflecting the

postwar boom and overheated stock market. The 1920s were also known as The

Jazz Age as society was transformed after the World War I and focused more on

youth with dancing such as the Charleston, Flappers ( young women who wore

short skirts, bobbed their hair, listened to what was then considered

unconventional music jazz music and flaunted their disdain for what was then

considered "decent" behavior). The term 'flapper' gained popularity with the 1920

The Flapper. The term was used before as a slang term for  an impetuous

teenage girl. The flappers were seen as brash for wearing excessive makeup,

drinking hard liquor, treating sex in a more casual manner, smoking cigarettes,

driving automobiles, and otherwise flouting conventional social and sexual

norms ) and technology such as cars and the telephone . Since the closing of the

20th Century, the 1920s has drawn close associations with the 1950s and 1990s,

especially in the United States. The three decades are regarded as periods of

economic prosperity .


In 1928 the Prohibition ( 1920-33) was in effect in Finland and the United States.

Gangsters made millions of through illegal alcohol sales The Prohibition was

repelled in Australia in 1928.



 Flapper Girls


Events of 1928 


January 1928


The first television is sold -- a Daven for $75.


early tv image



 The Origins of Television


Radio Magazine 1928

For 1920s geeks, radio was the thing



Soviet Poster



 Stalin's five Year plans


The first of Joseph Stalin's Five Year Plans imposes collectivization on

agriculture in the Soviet Union. The First Five-Year Plan emphasized heavy

industries to lay the foundations for future industrial growth. Despite the targets

being unbelievably high, remarkable results were achieved. For instance, coal

and iron production both doubled their output, electric power production almost

tripled and 1500 new industrial plants were built.



Otto Gessle


German war minister Otto Gessler resigns under pressure in January over a

financial scandal involving the German Army, which he has allowed to increase

in size despite the limits imposed by the Treaty of Versailles in 1919.




Richard E. Byrd



1928 Richard E. Byrd starts an expedition to Antarctic; returns in 1930.


Leon Trotsky



 Trotsky's Speech about the Moscow Trials


January 17 - OGPU arrests Leon Trotsky in Moscow; he assumes a status

of passive resistance and is exiled to Turkestan.


I Saw the Figure 5 in Gold by Charles Demuth 1928


1920s costumes



February 1928






February 11 - II Olympic Winter Games open in St. Moritz, Switzerland





 In America and Finland the Prohibition alcohol is still the law . Much of the

impetus for the prohibition movement in the Nordic countries and North America

came from Protestant wariness of alcohol, in Australia prohibition laws are

repealed in 1928.


1928 ladies fashions



February 25 - Charles Jenkins Laboratories of Washington, DC becomes the

first holder of a television license from the Federal Radio Commission.


March 1928


Charles Lindbergh


March 21 - Charles Lindbergh is presented the Medal of Honor for his

first trans-Atlantic flight in 1927.


1928 radio


April 1928


April 10


The Pineapple Primary

The Pineapple Primary was the name given to a Republican primary election held

in Chicago on April 10, 1928; more than 60 bombs were thrown during the

campaign and at least two politicians were killed. The name derives from the

slang use of "pineapple" to refer to a hand grenade. Republican Mayor Big Bill

Thompson ruled 1920s aided by Governor the Chicago mob, including Al

Capone. In 1928 Thompson was challenged by the Republican reformer Charles

S. Deneen, who was backed by Mafia boss Diamond Joe Esposito who saw

Deneen's anti-Capone crusade as a means for Esposito to seize Capone's

mantle as Boss of Chicago.

On March 21, Giuseppe "Diamond Joe" Esposito, the 19th Ward committeeman,

was shot and killed in front of his wife and daughter. The day after Esposito's

funeral, Senator Charles S. Deneen's home was bombed. On the day of the

primary, Octavius C. Grandy, a candidate for committeeman in the 20th ward,

was chased in his car and killed.


April 22 - Earthquake destroys Corinth - 200,000 buildings destroyed


May 1928


May 10 - The first regular schedule of television programming begins in

Schenectady, New York by the General Electric's television station


1928 Nazi rally in Nuremberg


May : Adolf Hitler's National Socialist Party wins only 2.6 percent of the vote for

seats in the Reichstag and is considered a fringe party after the May elections

.Germany had lost economically important territory in Europe along with its

colonies and in admitting to sole responsibility for the war had agreed to pay a

huge reparations bill totaling 132 billion marks. Most Germans bitterly resented

these terms, but early Nazi attempts to gain support by blaming these

humiliations on "international Jewry" were not particularly successful with the

electorate. The party learned quickly, and soon a more subtle propaganda

emerged, combining anti-Semitism with an attack on the failures of the "Weimar

system" and the parties supporting it.



Plane Crazy




Release of the animated short Plane Crazy, featuring the first

appearances of Mickey and Minnie Mouse.


1928 coins


May 25, Italia Airship crash in the arctic


Crash of the airship Italia


Airship Italia crashes on the North Pole; one of the occupants is Italian general

Umberto Nobile. The third flight the Italia exploring the North Pole started on May

23, 1928, and reached the North Pole at 12:24 am on May 24, 1928 with the

assistance of strong tailwinds. Nobile had prepared a winch, inflatable raft, and

survival packs (very providentially as it turns out) with the intention of lowering

some of the scientists onto the ice, but the worsening weather made this

impossible. Instead the Italian and Milanese colours, and a wooden cross

presented by the Pope were dropped onto the ice.


At 2.20 am on May 24, the Italia started back to base. The weather was

horrendous and the airship struggled to gain ground and break through to the

zone of calmer winds which expedition meteorologist Finn Malmgren predicted

was just ahead. At 9.25am on May 25 the first critical incident occurred when the

elevator control jammed in the downward position. All engines were stopped and

importantly, the airship was allowed to rise to 3000 feet and above the cloud

layer into bright sunlight for 30 minutes. After the engines were re-started the ship

descended to 1000 feet with no apparent ill effect, but at 10.25 am the ship was

noticed to be tail-heavy and falling at a rate of 2 feet per second (0.6 m/s).

Despite applying maximum elevators and jettisoning weight, a crash was

unavoidable and shortly afterwards the airship's control cabin hit the jagged ice

and smashed open.


Nine survivors and one fatality were left on the ice, and six more crew trapped in

the still drifting airship envelope. Chief Engineer Ettore Arduino, with remarkable

presence of mind, started throwing anything he could lay his hands on down to the

men on the ice as he drifted slowly away with the envelope. These supplies, and

the packs intended for the descent to the ice were to help keep the survivors alive

for their long ordeal on the ice. The envelope and the crew members aboard it

have never been found.


An international rescue effort followed, but was bedeviled by apathy and political

interference on the part of the Italians. The bravery on the part of Norwegian,

Russian, Swedish, and Finnish pilots searching for the lost men – as well as that

of the survivors themselves – contrasted sharply with the woeful response of the

Italian Fascist government. The lack of co-ordination meant that it took more than

49 days before all the crash survivors (and stranded would-be rescuers) were

retrieved. Roald Amundsen was lost, presumed dead, flying to Spitsbergen in a

French Latham sea plane to take part in the operation. On July 12 ,The Russian

icebreaker Krasin rescues remaining Italia survivors, as well as survivors

Mariano and Zappi. Russian pilot Chuckhnovsky also rescued.

May 31

Union of South Africa adopts new flag

A version of this flag was used as the flag of the Dutch East India Company at

the Cape . The South African addition to the design was three smaller flags

centred in the white stripe. The smaller flags were the Union Flag towards the

hoist, the Orange Free State Vierkleur hanging vertically and the Transvaal

Vierkleur .

June 1928


Zhang Zuolin


June 4 - Zhang Zuolin , President of the Republic of China and warlord, is killed

by Japanese agents during the Huanggutun Incident in Shenyang. Also known as

the "Mukden Tiger", he was one of the major warlords of China in the early 20th

century. As Zhang Zuolin passed underneath the Japanese operated South

Manchuria Railroad while riding a train , an officer of the Japanese Guandong

Army, Colonel Komoto Daisaku, had planted a bomb, which exploded when

Zhang's train passed under the viaduct, killing him .In 1928 he proclaimed

himself Grand Marshal of the Republic of China. The reason for the murder was

a mystery till the War Crimes Tribunal in Tokyo after WWII. It was revealed by

admiral Okada Keisuke that the Japanese were infuriated by Zhang's failure to

stop the rise of Chiang Kai-shek.



Xiang Jingyu


June : The Chinese Republican Army under Chiang Kai-shek seizes Beijing and

rename it Beiping. Nationalist Chinese forces arrest communist agitator and

speaker for the women's liberation movement Xiang Jingyu (Hsiang Kianyu) and

execute her in May, gagging her to prevent her from making a final speech. She

was 33.



Amelia Earhart


June 17 Aviator Amelia Earhart starts her attempt to become the first

woman to successfully pilot an aircraft across the Atlantic Ocean


July 1928


Álvaro Obregón


July 17 - José de León Toral assassinates Álvaro Obregón, president of Mexico.

 Toral was a Roman Catholic opposed to the Government's policies on religious




 800,000 Mourners - at funeral of General Obregon,

 Mexico's assassinated President."

US Navy in China



July 25 - U.S.A. recalls its troops from China


 August 1928


King Zog


August 25 - Ahmet Zogu proclaims himself King Zog I of Albania; he

is crowned September 1


August 27 - The Kellogg-Briand Pact was signed in Paris - it was the

first treaty which outlawed aggressive war.


Alexander Fleming


September 1928


Wineville Chicken Coop Murders

A series of kidnappings and murders of young boys occurring in Los Angeles

and Riverside County, California in 1928 by Gordon Stewart Northcott. The 2008

film Changeling is based upon these murders. It was believed Northcott may

have had as many as 20 victims. Wineville changed its name to “Mira Loma” on

November 1, 1930, due in large part to the negative publicity surrounding the

murders. Northcott was hanged on October 2, 1930


September 3 - Alexander Fleming discovers Penicillin.


Palm Beach , Florida 1928




 This episode of Heritage looks back on the Hurricane of 1928, the one which

no other hurricane has compared too. With a death toll of 1,836 in Florida alone

and 1,575 in the Caribbean the storm would never be forgotten. During Florida's

economical and population boom the state was blind sided by this blow. Much

like its predesser the Great Miami Hurricane Florida's southern edges of Lake

Okeechobee were hit with ever lasting damage. To better understand the severity

this episode features footage and interviews of survivors and witness's to the

now called Great Okeechobee flood.

September 16 - The 1928 Okeechobee Hurricane kills at least 2,500 people in

Florida. 69 white victims were placed in a mass grave in Woodlawn cemetery

and approximately 674 black victims were buried in this mass grave in the

City's pauper's burial field .


October 1928


Haile Selassie


October 7 - Haile Selassie crowned king (not yet emperor) of Abyssinia

November 6


Swedes start a tradition of eating Gustavus Adolphus pastries

to commemorate the old warrior king.



October 15, 1928 Graf Zeppelin LZ-127 Arrives In U.S

November 1928


Herbert Hoover




1928 with economy booming, U.S. voters elect another Republican president,

Herbert Hoover (Nov. 6) in a landslide victory over Alfred E. Smith, governor of

New York in the 1928 presidential election .Hoover deeply believed in the

Efficiency Movement arguing that there were technical solutions to all social and

economic problems. That position was challenged by the Great Depression,

which began in 1929, the first year of his presidency .



November 10 - Hirohito was enthroned as Emperor of Japan.


Maurice Ravel


November 22 - Maurice Ravel's Bolero is premiered in Paris


December 1928


Alberto Santos-Dumont flying the 14 Bis


December 3 - In Rio de Janeiro, a seaplane sent to greet aviation pioneer

Alberto Santos-Dumont crashed near Cap Arcona, killing all on board.



Turkey switches from the Arabic to the Latin-based

modern Turkish alphabet.


Eliot Ness


Eliot Ness begins to lead the prohibition unit in Chicago.


Sigrid Undset


Sigrid Undset was a Norwegian novelist who was awarded the Nobel Prize in

Literature in 1928.Her best-known work is Kristin Lavransdatter, a modernist

trilogy about life in Scandinavia in the Middle Ages


Willans Richardson


Sir Owen Willans Richardson (April 26, 1879 - February 15, 1959) was a

British physicist, a professor at Princeton University from 1906 to 1913, and a

recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1928 "for his work on the thermionic

phenomenon and especially for the discovery of the law named after him


1928 Olympics Amsterdam



 Amsterdam 1928 olympics




We are here to represent the greatest country on earth. We did not come here

to lose gracefully. We came here to win?and win decisively.? So ordered

American Olympic Committee president Gen. Douglas MacArthur before the

start of the 1928 Games marked Germany's return to the Olympic fold after

serving a 10-year probation after World War I. It was also the first Olympics that

women were allowed to participate in track and field. For the first time, the

Olympic Flame was lit during the Olympics. Johnny Weissmuller, who later

appeared in several Tarzan movies, won two gold medals in swimming.


1928 World Series


Babe Ruth



 Babe Ruth and Lou Gehrig set records in the 1928 World Series as the duo

lead the Yankees to a sweep over the Cardinals

In the 1928 World Series, the New York Yankees swept the St. Louis Cardinals

in four games. Babe Ruth hit .625 (10 for 16) as the Yankees defeated their

opponents by a combined score of 27 to 10.


Top Movies of 1928








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